Sri Lanka – Facts

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Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.

When to visit  Low Season  ( May – Aug ), Shoulder  ( Apr – Sept & Nov ), High Season  ( Dec – Mar )
Must Visit       Sigiriya, Yala National Park, Mirissa , Ella , Kandy , Polonnaruwa.
Climate            Tropical, Humid, and Very Warm
Experiences you shouldn’t miss     Safari trip in Yala National Park, Temple raiding in Pollonnaruwa, Boogie boarding in Mirissa
Must try food          Sri Lankan Rice and Curry, Hopper (Appa) and egg hopper, Coconut Sambal ( Pol Sambal ), Vegetable Roti, Egg Roti
# of Unesco World Heritage Sites   8
Country          Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Gained Independence in    1948
Administrative Capital   Sri Jayawardhanapura Kotte
Commercial Capital          Colombo
Area.                      62,705 sq km
Length.                   432 km ( 268 miles )
Breadth                  225.3 km ( 278 Square meters)
Population.             20.278 million
Population in Colombo    2.0 million
Main Ethnic Groups         Sinhala   74%
  Sri Lankan Tamils. 12.75%
  Indian tamils  5%
  Moor    7%
  Others  0.8 %
Literacy Rate                     91.9%
Average Life Expectancy.      74.9 years
Topography                        Flat coastal and northern areas, Hills and mountains in the central and southern central areas
Rainfall                              March – April (Inter Monsoonal)

May – September (South West Monsoon)

October – November (Inter Monsoonal)

December –  (February  North East Monsoon)

Average Rainfall               39” – 197”
Longest River                    Mahaweli ( 207 Miles / 333 km)
Wildest Waterfall               St Clair    ( 241 ft / 73 m )
Highest Mountain            Pidurangala  ( 8281 ft / 2524 m )
Clothing                            Cottons and light clothing in Colombo and other coastal and dry areas. Light woolens in Kandy and other Hill country